I. international animal products price index
The FAO meat price index recovered after 2 consecutive months of decline. According to FAO data, the meat price index has risen for five consecutive months since April 2016 to August 164.9, then fell to 156.7 in January 2017 and 160.6 in February 2017, up 3.9 points from a year earlier, an increase of 13.9 points.
(two) dairy products
The FAO milk price index rebounded for the 10 consecutive month. According to FAO data, after the milk price index fell to a low of 127.4 in April 2016, it began to rebound for 10 consecutive months in May and rebounded to 194.2 in February 2017, up 1.2 points from a year earlier, up 52.2 points.
The wholesale price of global whole milk powder was $3276.33 / ton in January 2017, up 2%, up 39.3% from the same period last year. Among them, the U.S. was $3,350, up 8.4%, 21.0% year-on-year; Oceania was $3,196, down 2.4%, 52.2% year-on-year; and the European Union was $3,283, up 0.4% year-on-year, up 50.1%. According to the RMB exchange rate of the same period, the global wholesale price of whole milk powder in January was 22599.67 yuan / ton, compared with 23107.81 yuan / ton in the United States, 22045.54 yuan / ton in Oceania and 22645.65 yuan / ton in the European Union.
Global raw milk prices continued to fall to $23.20/100kg in July and then rose briefly, falling again in November, rebounding from $22.1/100kg in May 2016, rising to $35.8/100kg in December and $36.1/100kg in January 2017, up 0.8% from a year earlier, according to IFCN data. 42.1%. According to the RMB exchange rate in the same period, the price of raw milk in January was 2490.12 yuan / ton.
Two. Livestock production, trade and price in major countries
(I) the United States
In January 2017, the output of red meat and poultry was 3 million 764 thousand and 900 tons, up by 6.4% over the same period last year. Among them, pork production was 971,600 tons, an increase of 3.3%; poultry production was 1.837 million tons, an increase of 7.0%; beef (including veal) production was 950,700 tons, an increase of 8.4%; mutton (including lamb) production was 0.52 million tons, an increase of 10.7%.
In January 2017, exports of pork and beef and chicken increased year-on-year, while pork and beef imports decreased year by year. In January 2017, imports of 38,000 tons of pork, a decrease of 14.5%, exports of 207,700 tons of pork, an increase of 19.6%, including 118,000 tons of pork exported from mainland China, an increase of 1.6%; exports of chicken 252,400 tons, an increase of 12.1%; imports of beef 103,500 tons, a decrease of 20.5%, exports of beef 959,000 tons, an increase of 20.9%.
Pork prices rose for 5 months in a row * and hog prices rebounded for 3 consecutive months. U.S. pork cuttings rebounded to $87.96 a barrel for six months starting in January 2016, then fell to $72.79 a barrel in September for three consecutive months. They continued to rise again in October, with prices rising 1.2% year on year to $80.67 a barrel in February 2017. Prices of 51% - 52% lean pigs rose for six consecutive months to $58.42 a barrel in June 2016, then fell for five consecutive months to November and began to pick up in December, reaching $53.70 a barrel in February 2017, up 17.8% from a year earlier and 15.2% from a year earlier. According to the RMB exchange rate of the same period, the cut pork price of the United States in February was 10.91 yuan / kg, and the price of 51% - 52% lean pork raw pork was 7.26 yuan / kg.
Chicken prices in 12 cities in the United States rebounded for 3 consecutive months. The average chicken price in 12 U.S. cities fell for four consecutive months from July 2016 to 70.73 cents per pound in October, then rose for three consecutive months to 85.58 cents per pound in January 2017, and to $85.00 per pound in February, down 0.7% from a year earlier and up 4.3% from a year earlier. According to the RMB exchange rate in the same period, in February, the cut price of American chicken was 12.88 yuan / kg.
The wholesale price of lamb went up after 3 consecutive months of decline, and beef prices rebounded for 2 consecutive months. The wholesale price of selected 55-65 pounds of lamb fell to $325.39 a barrel in April 2016 and slightly recovered to $327.59 a barrel for two consecutive months. It rose again after a brief fall in July. It rose to $344.51 a barrel in November and fell back to $338.75 a barrel in January 2017 and $339.50 a barrel in February. Up 0.2%, up 0.5% over the same period. The wholesale price of 90% boneless beef rose for four consecutive months in 2016 to $219.14 a barrel in April and fell for eight consecutive months. It fell to $192.17 a barrel in December and began to recover in January 2017. It rose 3.1% to $208.40 a barrel in February, down 0.8% from a year earlier. In February, the wholesale price of lamb and beef was 45.92 yuan / kg and 28.20 yuan / kg respectively, according to the RMB exchange rate of the same period.
In 2016 1-12 * the export volume of live pig products, import and export of poultry meat and beef increased year-on-year. Among them, exports of live pig products * * 4 million 139 thousand and 900 tons, an increase of 23% over the same period; exports to China 1 million 859 thousand and 600 tons (including pig mixed), an increase of 63% over the same period, accounting for 44.9% of the total exports. 1 million 616 thousand tons of poultry exported, an increase of 9% over the same period, and 899 thousand and 200 tons of imported poultry, an increase of 3% over the same period last year. Exports of beef 702 thousand and 900 tons, an increase of 18% over the same period, imports of beef 333 thousand and 900 tons, an increase of 3% over the same period.
Pork prices rebounded slightly. Pork prices in the European Union rose for six consecutive months from April 2016 to September 1656.43 euros per ton, then fell to 1516.92 euros per ton in January 2017, 1523.48 euros per ton in February, up 0.4% from a year earlier, up 19.3%. According to the RMB exchange rate in the same period, the EU pork price in February was 11.15 yuan / kg.
Chicken prices continued to rise in March. European Union chicken prices began to fall slightly for six months in June 2016 to 1741.71 euros per ton in November, rebounded for three consecutive months in December, and rose to 1770.64 euros per ton in February 2017, up 1.2% year on year, down 0.3%. According to the RMB exchange rate in the same period, the price of the European Union chicken in February was 12.96 yuan / kg.